Hydraulic Fracture: The Truth About State versus Federal Regulation

Industry is spending millions in propaganda to combat the FRAC Act that will allow citizens to know what chemicals are used near their drinking water and allow hydraulic fracturing to be regulated under the Safe Drinking Water Act.

Industry is inciting the public by using a power grabbing Federal Government versus states' rights spin. Check out this headline:

States Challenge Attempted Federal Power Grab in Hydraulic Fracturing Issue.

The information in the IOGCC press release is completely false! They claim that "states do a superb job of protecting human health and the environment through sound regulation."

Learn the truth to counter the spin:

Currently Alabama is the ONLY state in the US with special provisions to regulate hydraulic fracturing.  The other states do not have specific fracturing rules; they rely on general drilling rules - casing, logs, pressure monitoring, waste disposal, etc. - to indirectly cover hydraulic fracturing.

Colorado has a disclosure rule that is not specific to fracturing - it covers all chemicals used down hole - drilling, fracturing, completion, etc. New York and Pennsylvania also require disclosure of fracking chemicals, but no actual regulation.

Legislation being considered by Congress would allow most states to remain the primary regulators of hydraulic fracturing, with flexibility as to their programs, but the legislation provides critical federal  oversight - something that was lost when Congress passed the "Halliburton loophole" in 2005.

The claim that regulation will kill the industry has no basis in fact. From the following slide, you can see that drilling in Alabama had no slowdown after 1997 when they started regulating hydraulic fracturing in response to a court case.

Pennsylvania says natgas drilling risks inevitable

Energy companies such as Cabot Oil and Gas, which operates in the Dimock area, say the chemicals used in fracking fluid are heavily diluted and pose no threat to health.

The actual dilution rate is alarming:

Hydraulic Fracturing 101

Coalbed fracture treatments use anywhere from 50,000 to 350,000 gallons of various stimulation and fracturing fluids, and from 75,000 to 320,000 pounds of proppant during the hydraulic fracturing of a single well. Many fracturing fluids contain chemicals that can be toxic to humans and wildlife, and chemicals that are known to cause cancer. These include potentially toxic substances such as diesel fuel, which contains benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, xylene, naphthalene and other chemicals; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; methanol; formaldehyde; ethylene glycol; glycol ethers; hydrochloric acid; and sodium hydroxide.[7] Very small quantities of chemicals such as benzene, which causes cancer, are capable of contaminating millions of gallons of water.

The threat to health is outlined on The Endocrine Disruption Exchange.

Regulation will result in more jobs, safer water and cleaner air.

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because, somehow, there was an entire section in it showing a diary editor?

for fixing that problem. I couldn't tell if it was actually in the diary or if it was just my view.

Seems Colorado has something to say re: fracking. Perhaps we need to do a past research as Mr. Quillen has done.  Knowledge is power..........


Ed Quillen: Watching out for fracking


excerpt:


 


About 40 years ago, this concept caused considerable controversy in Colorado. The feds wanted to promote peaceful uses for atomic energy — "Operation Plowshare" — and knew that natural gas was trapped beneath our Western Slope.

Thus was born the Rulison Project, about 8 miles from the town of Parachute. It involved drilling down 8,426 feet, then detonating an atomic bomb at the bottom on Sept. 10, 1969.


The 43-kiloton blast (about three Hiroshima bombs) created a cavity 150 feet in diameter, with fracturing that extended beyond that. It released 455 million cubic feet of natural gas, which was too radioactive to be used.


 


I like how this opinion piece discusses modern day fracking, the involvement of Federal and State government and an incident that happened in the 60's in CO.


 


The Wall Street Journal recently reported that Cleburne, Texas, which sits amid much fracking for natural gas, has experienced a "wave of small earthquakes." There is no proof of a connection, but it does bring up another Colorado memory from the 1960s. Starting in 1962, Denver suffered a spate of earthquakes, including a 5.3 tremor in 1967 that caused more than $1 million in damage.

What caused the quakes? Injecting fluids into a deep well at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal just north of the city — that is, pretty much the same thing as fracking.


Kinda intriguing huh! Give the opinion piece a read....


BTW....thank you TXsharon for all you do!